Tuesday, February 9, 2016

Animal Testing Updates This Week Includes:

Animal testing universities named by campaign group Cruelty Free International

Five of Britain's top universities have been named and shamed over the number of animals tested in their laboratories in 2014.

The University of Oxford headed the list compiled by the anti-vivisection organisation Cruelty Free International, with a total of 226,739 animals used in experiments.

In decreasing order, it was followed by Edinburgh (200,861), University College London (176,901), King's College London (165,068), and Cambridge (160,557).

The figures were obtained by Freedom of Information requests. Of 70 UK universities approached, 48 replied in full while 17 sent partial responses.

Five universities, Manchester, Southampton, Imperial College London, Bristol and Aston failed to return any data, said Cruelty Free International.

Among the animals tested were rats, mice, birds, frogs, fish, ferrets, guinea pigs, rabbits, sheep and monkeys.

Dr Katy Taylor, director of science at Cruelty Free International, formerly the British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection (BUAV), said: "The public will be shocked to learn that five of the UK's leading universities are responsible for testing on almost one million animals, despite an increasing number of universities recognising this isn't the way to do research.

"We urge them to leave this archaic practice behind and move towards developing innovative and humane research methods for the 21st century."

Monkey experiments conducted at some universities were said to involve animals being deprived of food or water, having electrodes implanted in their skulls or limbs, and being blasted with loud noise while trapped in a box.

Other "disturbing" experiments allegedly included rats being injected with acid to cause brain damage, and pregnant sheep being injected with testosterone twice a week or having their ovaries punctured during surgery.

Testing in universities accounts for around half of all animal experimentation in the UK according to the Home Office, said Cruelty Free International.

Cambridge University said animal research played an "essential role" in understanding disease and developing medicines.

A spokesman said: "We place good welfare at the centre of all our animal research and aim to meet the highest standards: good animal welfare and good science go hand-in-hand.

"Our research is scrutinised by the Animal Welfare and Ethical Review Body, who strive to reduce the number of animals used.

"Although animals will play a role in biomedical research for the foreseeable future, we aim to use the minimum number possible. Our researchers are actively looking at ways to help refine their science and to reduce - and ultimately replace - the use of animals in research."

King's College London said its work with animals was "part of the basis for major research breakthroughs in health and medicine".

A spokesman added: "Animal research at King's is ethically reviewed and we only use animal models where there is no other viable alternative.

"We are dedicated to high standards of animal welfare at King's and all of our animals are cared for in accordance with strict Home Office regulations."

A statement from University College London said: "UCL is committed to openness about our animal research and we are a signatory to the Concordat on Openness on Animal Research in the UK.

"All figures quoted in the Cruelty Free International release are freely available on our dedicated Animal Research website: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/animal-research/facts-figures."

A University of Edinburgh spokesman said: "The University of Edinburgh is the largest university in Scotland and one of the UK's top rated research universities. A small proportion of our research involves the use of animals as a vital component of the quest to advance medical, biological and veterinary science.

"We use animals in research programmes - predominately rodents and fish (97%) only when their use is justified on scientific, ethical and legal grounds, and when no alternatives are available.

"All such work is strictly regulated and carried out under licences, which are reviewed and approved by the Home Office and are issued only if the potential benefits of the work are likely to outweigh the effects on the animals concerned."

The companies in the graphic below don’t support tests on sensitive, intelligent animals. These are just a few of the hundreds of companies in our cruelty-free database. By purchasing products solely from cruelty-free companies, you’ll be helping to end cruel tests on animals, while sending a powerful message to the companies that still test.cruelty-free shareable
Help Make 2016 an Epic 'Year of the Monkey'!While millions of people prepare to welcome in the Year of the Monkey, countless monkeys trapped and tormented for use in painful experiments are suffering. Some were born into a life of captivity, while others were ripped from their families and homes in the wild. All of them will endure another year of pain, misery, and fear—unless we help them.Help Make 2016 an Epic 'Year of the Monkey'!
Your gift to PETA today will help power our work to protect monkeys and all other animals from cruelty, exploitation, and neglect. Take your stand up for monkeys and all other animals in 2016.

Tell Univ of Oklahoma to provide baboons sanctuary vs transfer to a research lab. 
In September 2015 the University of Oklahoma (OU) announced their bold step to close their baboon research and breeding program on the heels of a campaign by SAEN – Stop Animal Exploitation NOW! But now, the future of over 670 baboons is uncertain. Please sign our petition asking the University of Oklahoma to retire their baboons to a sanctuary rather than killing or transferring them to another animal testing facility!

OU is still responsible for the baboons in their research and breeding colony even after the closure of this program. The best outcome is for OU to convert their baboon facility into a sanctuary as recommended by SAEN and primate experts.

Instead, OU has stated that they are “working closely with the National Institutes of Health to develop a comprehensive plan for the placement of the baboons." Your signature is a crucial voice in demanding that these baboons not be transferred to another research facility!

Please join us in signing and sharing this petition to support OU in their bold closure announcement and encourage them to take the precedent-setting step of turning OU’s baboon facility into a sanctuary!  

Since you are so passionate about animals, I wanted to update you on PCRM’s urgent campaign to stop the Department of Defense (DoD) from mutilating and killing pigs and goats in combat trauma training.

So far, we've flooded the DoD with more than 80,000 petitions. But they still aren't listening. Here are three ways you can help:
    We are so glad you are a part of PCRM's online community. Your continued involvement is key to advancing our lifesaving work for animals and people. Thanks again for caring about all beings.

    To stop experimenting on monkeys! 
    Karolinska Institutet is the last university in Scandinavia to use primates in research. Animal Justice Project is partnering with Djurrättsalliansen to stop the import of 120 macaque monkeys into the university from the United States for inhumane and futile malaria research.

    A group of animal researchers at Karolinska Institutet have received ethical approval to conduct a series of invasive experiments on the macaque monkeys in order to develop a vaccine against human malaria.

    We are calling upon Karolinska Institutet to end the use of primates in research, and call off the import of these 120 monkeys. And we need your help!

    The Swedish researchers will infect 120 macaque monkeys with malaria parasites and then perform multiple invasive procedures on the monkeys over a period of at least one year. The procedures will include bone marrow biopsies, repeated vaccinations and blood sampling (up to 25 times per year). Lymph node biopsies will be obtained from the armpit or groin.

    Although the biopsies will be performed under general anaesthesia the monkeys will nevertheless experience pain and discomfort afterwards. All of the monkeys will be kept in cages, some with a floor area as small as two square meters. Stress and fear is imposed on monkeys used in experiments as a result of being caged, their inability to express normal behavior and separation from their family groups, something not accounted for when researchers put studies such as this into categories of severity.

    Not only is using monkeys in this research at Karolinska Institutet unethical, EU law set down in Directive 2010/63/EU states that it is ‘essential, both on moral and scientific grounds, to ensure that each use of an animal is carefully evaluated as to the scientific or educational validity, usefulness and relevance of the expected result of that use’.

    Please sign the petition today and urge Karolinska Institutet to end primate research!

    A Special Report by Science Advisor, Dr. Andre Menache, outlines why the primate experiments at Karolinska Institutet are not only unethical, but also of dubious legal standing. Read it here!

    For further information on this campaign, visit: animaljusticeproject.com/sweden

    Russia Wants To Do Crazy Sh** To Monkeys
    Russia Wants To Do Crazy Sh** To Monkeys
    PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals)